What is Insulin Administration?
Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreatic cells. It controls blood glucose levels and helps body cells convert glucose into energy or to store it. Patients with type 1 diabetes suffers from insulin deficiency due to destruction of the pancreatic cells responsible for insulin secretion.
To survive, type 1 diabetes patients need daily injection of insulin into the body, known as insulin administration. Type 2 diabetes patients might also need insulin if the body requires more insulin that it can produce.
Type 1 diabetes patient requires daily insulin administration (usually multiple doses) to control blood glucose at a reasonable level. The exact dose of insulin required is individualised and is calculated by your doctor.
In the event of an insulin overdose, blood glucose concentration can become too low and there will be a risk of coma or even death. In this situation, orange juice, table sugar, or any other pure form of glucose is usually given to raise blood glucose level. Glucose will be injected into blood stream if the patient is in a coma. If the insulin dose is not enough, the diabetic patient can also go into a coma due to exceedingly high glucose. Blood glucose level can be tested to distinguish the type of comas.