Total Hip Replacement

What is Total Hip Replacement?

Artificial hip replacement surgery involves replacing the femur (head of the thigh bone) and the acetabulum (hip socket) with artificial joint components. The artificial femur part (ball and stem) is made of strong metal or ceramic, and the artificial socket is made of polyethylene (durable, wear-resistant plastic) or metal backed with a plastic liner. The ball and socket are designed to glide together to replicate the hip joint.

Why is Total Hip Replacement required?

Patients may need hip replacement surgery when arthritis limits their everyday activities such as walking and bending, resting without pain, or moving or lifting the leg without stiffness. Hip replacement is recommended only after careful diagnosis of the joint problem. Surgery would be necessary when the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) or other treatment options, such as physical therapy, do not relieve hip pain.

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