General Surgery

Contrary to its name, general surgery is in fact a surgical specialty. General surgery is a surgical discipline or specialty that includes, but is not limited to surgical procedures performed on the intestines, liver, colon, pancreas, gallbladder, stomach and thyroid gland.

General surgeons may be trained in one of the many sub-specialised areas. Some general surgeons are dedicated to transplant surgery, and are therefore ready anytime to harvest organs from a suitable donor to a recipient, whilst others may focus on trauma surgery, breast surgery, colorectal surgery or vascular surgery.

General surgery includes the following sub-specialties:

  • Breast
  • Colon and rectum (Colorectal)
  • Endocrine (Thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal glands)
  • Hepatobiliary (Liver, gallbladder and biliary tract) and pancreatic surgery
  • Trauma
  • Esophagus and upper gastrointestinal
  • Vascular

Laparoscopic Surgery

Usually known as keyhole or minimally invasive surgery (MIS), laparoscopic surgery involves smaller surgical incisions (usually 0.5 cm to 1.5cm) as compared to the larger incisions in open surgery. A special camera known as a laparoscope, as well as specialised surgical instruments are passed through the incisions to facilitate surgery. General surgeries that can be performed laparoscopically include:

  • Adrenalectomy (removal of the adrenal gland)
  • Appendicectomy (removal of appendix)
  • Bariatric surgery
  • Cholecystectomy (removal of the gallbladder)
  • Colectomy (removal of part or all of colon)
  • Rectal resection/surgery (for cancer or benign conditions such as rectal prolapse)
  • Hernia repair
  • Repair of perforated peptic ulcer
  • Splenectomy
  • Selected liver and pancreatic resection
  • Stomach surgery
  • Esophageal surgery
  • Lysis of adhesions
  • Thoracoscopic sympathectomy (surgical treatment of sweaty palms syndrome)

Abdomen

  • Hernia (groin hernia and ventral hernia)
  • Retroperitoneal tumours

Hepatobiliary pancreatic surgery

  • Benign biliary strictures
  • Cancer of the gallbladder
  • Gallstones
  • Cancer of the biliary system
  • Benign tumours and cysts
  • Cholangiocarcinoma (cancer of the gall bladder and bile duct)
  • Portal Hypertension (Complicated liver cirrhosis)
  • Primary and Metastatic Liver Tumours
  • Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis
  • Cystic Tumours of the Pancreas
  • Pancreatic and periampullary cancer
  • Splenic tumor

Breast

  • Breast cancer
  • Gynecomastia
  • Other breast conditions such as cysts, lumps, nipple discharge

Colon & Rectum

  • Bowel incontinence, constipation and pelvic disorders
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Diverticulitis
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases
  • Intestinal obstruction
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Anorectal conditions such as haemorrhoids, anal fissure, anal abscess and fistula

Endocrine (Thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal glands)

  • Benign thyroid nodules, cysts and retrosternal goiters
  • Graves’ disease and thyroiditis
  • Early and advanced thyroid cancers
  • Recurrent thyroid cancers
  • Parathyroid tumours and hyperparathyroidism
  • Benign and malignant tumours involving the adrenal gland
  • Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours

Esophagus & Stomach

  • Cancer and benign conditions of the stomach and esophagus
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumours of stomach and esophagus
  • Gastroi-esophageal reflux disease
  • Blood Cancer (Lymphoma)
  • Morbid obesity
  • Peptic ulcer
  • Post-gastrectomy syndromes

Head & Neck

  • Cancer of the ear, nose, throat, larynx (voice box)
  • Head and neck cancer
  • Metastasised cancer with an unknown primary site
  • Obstructive airway
  • Congenital and inflammatory conditions in the head and neck region
  • Benign and malignant tumours, from the skull base to the superior mediastinum
  • Emergency airway management

Lymphatic System

  • Lymph nodes and cancer
  • Lymphatic obstruction

Small Intestine

  • Diverticula
  • Benign and malignant tumours of the small intestine
  • Intestinal obstruction and fistulae

Vascular Surgery (arteries and veins outside the heart and brain)

  • Aortic diseases: Aortic aneurysms, dissections, and aortoiliac occlusion
  • Peripheral vascular diseases (especially in diabetic vasculopathy)
  • Carotid artery stenosis
  • Venous diseases: venous insufficiency and venous thrombosis
  • Arteriovenous malformations
  • Lymphatic diseases/Lymphoedema
  • Vascular access (dialysis and chemotherapy)

*Please note that this is not a complete list of all the conditions and treatments that we provide. The information is designed for educational references only and should not be construed as medical advice.

Kindly consult one of our qualified healthcare specialist for an accurate diagnosis before starting on any treatments.

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